This lesson preinstallation tasks you must understand and complete before you install Windows 2000. The first task is to identify the hardware requirements for installing Windows 2000 Professional and to ensure that your hardware meets these requirements. Your hardware should be on the HCL so that it's compatible with Windows 2000.
After you have determined that your hardware is on the HCL, you must decide how you want to partition the hard disk on which you are going to install Windows 2000. You must also determine whether you are going to format the partition as NTFS so that you can have better security and a richer feature set, or as FAT or FAT32 so that other operating systems can access the data on the installation partition.
You will also learn about Client Access Licenses (CALs) and that a CAL gives client computers—for example, a computer running Windows 2000 Professional—the right to connect to computers running Windows 2000 Server. You learned that you must select Per Seat or Per Server licensing on the server. With Per Seat licensing mode, a separate CAL is required for each client computer that accesses a Windows 2000 Server. When a client computer has a CAL, it can be used to access any computer running Windows 2000 Server on the enterprise network. With Per Server licensing, CALs are assigned to a particular server. Each CAL allows one connection per client computer to the server, and you must have at least as many CALs that are dedicated to the server as the maximum number of client computers that will be used to concurrently connect to that server at any time.
Finally, your computer must join a domain or a workgroup. If your computer is the first one installed on the network, or if for some other reason no domain is available for your computer to join, you can have the computer join a workgroup and then have the computer join a domain after the installation. You should also be able to builda checklist of preinstallation tasks that you can complete to help ensure a successful installation of Windows 2000.
INSTALLING WINDOWS 2000 FROM CD-ROM
There following is the four-stage process of installing Windows 2000 Professional from a CD-ROM. These four stages are as follows:
The main difference between an over-the-network installation and an installation from a CD-ROM is the location of the source files. Once you connect to the shared folder containing the source files and start Winnt.exe or Winnt32.exe, the installation proceeds like an installation from a CD-ROM. Several switches are available for Winnt.exe and for Winnt32.exe to modify the installation process.
TROUBLESHOOTING WINDOWS 2000
some common problems that you might encounter when installing Windows 2000. For example, bad media can cause installation problems, in which case you will have to get a new CD-ROM to be able to install. You might also encounter problems with your installation if your hardware isn't on the HCL. If your CD-ROM drive isn't on the HCL, you can swap it out for a supported drive or install over the network and add the driver to support the CD-ROM drive if it's available.
If you failed to complete your preinstallation tasks and none of the partitions have enough room to install Windows 2000, you can create a new partition from unused space on the hard disk if the space is available; you can delete some existing partitions so that you can create one large enough to install Windows 2000; or you can format an existing partition to provide enough space to install Windows 2000.
You also learned some tips to try in case you can't connect to the domain controller. If you can't connect to the domain controller, you can complete the installation by joining the computer to a workgroup. After you have completed the installation and determined what is preventing you from connecting to the domain controller, you can join the computer to the domain.