The primary administrative tools that you use to manage Windows 2000 is the Microsoft Management Console. The MMC provides a standardized method to create, save, and open administrative tools, which are called consoles. Consoles hold one or more applications called snap-ins, which you use to perform administrative tasks and troubleshoot problems locally and on remote computers. By default, Windows 2000 saves custom console files (with an .MSC extension) in the Administrative Tools folder of the user who created it.
The console tree displays the hierarchical organization of the snap-ins that are contained within that console. This allows you to easily locate a specific snap-in. The details pane lists the contents of the active snap-in. There are two types of snap-ins: stand-alone snap-ins and extension snap-ins. A stand-alone snap-in is usually referred to simply as a snap-in and provides one function or a related set of functions. An extension snap-in is usually referred to as an extension, and it provides additional administrative functionality to a snap-in. An extension is designed to work with one or more stand-alone snap-ins, based on the function of the stand-alone snap-in.
You use console options to determine how each console operates by selecting the appropriate console mode. The two available console modes are Author mode and User mode. When you save a console in Author mode, you enable full access to all MMC functionality, which includes modifying the console. You save the console using Author mode to allow those using it to add or remove snap-ins, create new windows, view all portions of the console tree, and save consoles. Usually, if you plan to distribute a console to other administrators, save the console in User mode. When you set a console to User mode, users can't add snap-ins to, remove snap-ins from, or save the console.
Once you create customized consoles, you can access them by using the Run command on the Start menu. In the practice portion of this lesson, you will create two customized consoles. The first console contained the Computer Management snap-in and then you add the Event Viewer snap-in to it. You then use the Event Viewer snap-in to determine the last time your computer was started. The second custom console you create will contain the Computer Management snap-in. After you creat the second customized console, you will learn how to restrict the functionality of a console by removing two of the extensions normally available with the Computer Management snap-in. Finally, in this lesson, you will learn how to create custom consoles for remote administration.
USING TASK SCHEDULER
In this lesson, you will learn that you can use Task Scheduler to schedule programs and batch files to run once, at regular intervals, at specific times, or when certain operating system events occur. Windows 2000 saves scheduled tasks in the Scheduled Tasks folder, which is in Control Panel in My Computer. Once you have scheduled a task to run, you can modify any of the options or advanced features for the task, including the program to be run.
In addition, you will learn that you can access Scheduled Tasks on another computer by browsing that computer's resources using My Network Places. This allows you to move tasks from one computer to another. For example, you can create task files for maintenance and then add them to a user's computer as needed. In the practice portion of this lesson, you will use the Scheduled Task wizard to schedule WordPad to launch at a specified time.